Information on the Valencia area of Spain.
Page of information about the Valencia area One of the biggest cities in Spain,
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Altitude: 13 m above sea level
Castellón: 69 km
Alicante: 166 km
Albacete: 191 km
Murcia: 241 km
Barcelona: 349 km
Madrid: 352 km
The Bright City .. .
Founded by the Romans, Valencia has been the home of many cultures over its history: Romans, Visigoths, Moors and the Aragonese all made the city an important cultural and financial centre.
In the year 1094, Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, called El Cid Campeador, conquered Valencia on behalf of the Christians, but the city later fell to the Almoravids in 1102. Following the Moorish domination, it was in 1238 that James I of Aragon finally reconquered the city, and founded the Kingdom of Valencia, with its characteristic legislative privileges (Furs).
During the 15th and 16th centuries, Valencia became one of the major economic powers on the Mediterranean seaboard. It was the time of the Valencian siglo de oro (Golden Age), which was characterized by splendour in the arts at the hands of Joanot Martorell (author of Tirant lo Blanc, the first modern European novel), Ausias March, Roig de Corella, Isabel de Villena, Jordi de Sant Jordi and Jaume Roig, among others.
During the War of Spanish Succession, Valencia sided with archduke Charles of Austria, and after the victory of the Bourbons at the Battle of Almansa (April 1707), Phillip V abolished the local privileges, or fueros. In 1874, Alfonso XII was proclaimed constitutional king at Sagunto, north of Valencia.
When democracy was restored, the Land of Valencia was given its present Autonomous Statutes in 1982. The history of the city, now the capital of the Land of Valencia, is both rich and varied, providing a patrimony that has converted it into one of the major cities in Spain on both cultural and economic levels.
Valencia is the third largest city in Spain after Madrid and Barcelona. Valencia is situated on the banks of the Turia river, on the eastern coast of the Iberian peninsula and the western part of the Mediterranean Sea, fronting the Gulf of Valencia.
The most important places to visit in Valencia are: Cathedral of Valencia (if seen from the top the Latin cross shape of cathedral can be seen. Holy Grail can be seen in one of the cathedral's chapels), Bioparc (it is not another zoo! Make sure you have enough free space on your flash-card), Museum of Science (if you short in time or if you visited something similar in Germany or France you might skip this option, but if you have 1 day, you can buy a combined ticket to visit this museum too), Oceanografic (worth visiting, the best part is dolphin show. Normally overcrowded, so reserving tickets online might be a good idea), Central market and many more.
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The rich variety of Valencian cuisine, reflecting the diversity of local products, is another ol the pleasant surprises that await you. Among the region's well known dishes, Valencian paella is the true protagonist. Genuine paella is done over a wood fire, with the broth being prepared first before adding the rice.
But there are many other valencian rice recipes, such as: arròs a banda (rice dish with seafood), arròs negre (rice with squid, hence "black"), arròs al forn (oven-baked rice), arròs amb bledes (rice with chard), arròs amb fesols i naps (with haricot beans and turnip)...
You can also stil try other treats such as fideuà (a kind of paella with noodles instead of rice), originally from Gandia; all i pebre (eels in garlic sauce), from the inland lagoon of Albufera; suquet de peix (fisherman's dish); esgarrat (salted cod with sweet peppers); figatell (meatballs made from liver).
All of these can be enjoyed together with Valencian wines - white from the Alto Turia and Serranía areas, or red from Requena, Utiel and Campo de Llíria. And in addition to the quality of Valencia's fruits, in which oranges play a major role, you'll find an extensive array of confectionery, the star of which is the arnadí (a pie made from sweet potatoes) and a series of typical refreshments such as horchata de chufa (tiger nut milk), often accompanied by fartons (a kind of sweet breadstick), originating in Alboraya.
You may have heard of the Moonlit Valencian Nights...
Leisure and entertainment activities in Valencia constitute one of the most exciting and extensive ranges throughout the Mediterranean. The climate collaborates with night-farers, filling open terraces and street cafés in the Plaza de Cánovas del Castillo, or the romantic dance salon with live music on the Malvarrosa beach.
Everywhere, discos, night clubs and pubs provide the right kind of scene for enjoying a night out.
Valencia 2007. The designating of Valencia as the host city for the 32nd America's Cup, whose final will be celebrated in 2007, will convert the city into a meeting place for the sport of sailing. In order to do this, new infrastructures are being prepared that will complement the current offers of service in the city, especially in the port and the influential areas of this great world event.
Valencia offers a complete spectrum of facilities for sporting activities, greatly aided by its mild climate. You can concentrate on water sports such as sailing, windsurfing, fishing, etc. Or stick to land by playing golf (four courses), tennis, or squash; going hiking or horseriding and participating in team sports. Or take to the wing with aerial sports, such as sports flying, microlight aircraft, hang gliding, parachuting or ballooning. For genuine Valencian sports, you should ask about pulling and dragging contests and the joies, or horse races, which are popular among regional farmers. The region's true protagonist, however, is Valencian pelota, played in special enclosed courts, or trinquetes, or in the streets of surrounding towns, in either llargues, raspall or galotxa styles.
Valencians love fiestas and delight in sharing their joy with others. By far the most popular of festivities are the world famous Fallas (12-19 March), or festive bonfires, with their explosion of colours, fireworks and the smell of gunpowder. The creativity shown in the artistic monuments ushering in the spring, the music of marching bands and the colourlul display ol local costumes make a visit to Valencia in Fallas (pronounced: fai-yas) an unforgettable experience.
Also of note are the festivities ol the Seafarers' Holy Week in the port district, the Corpus Christi Parade, the Carnival and the July Fair with concerts and live, open-air music, the festivity of San Vicente Ferrer, the feast day of Mare de Deu dels Desamparats, the fiesta of Sant Dionís, etc.
And only at a few kilometers from Valencia you can also have a look at many other colourful festivities that spread all
around the Comunitat Valenciana at any season of the year.
The Moros y Cristianos (Moors and Christians) feasts are a penchant for pomp, splendor and the donning of garb evoking the days when the Chistian hosts battled against the men of Islam in the 13th century. The feast reaches its maximun climate at the city of Alcoi, but there are many other towns where this tradition is held with great spendor such as Biar, Ontinyent, Bocairent, Villajoyosa, Alicante, Callosa d'Ensarrià, Jijona, Cocentaina, Villena, Elda, Petrer, Crevillente, Bañeres, Albaida, Sax y L'Olleria.
Those festivities, with their spectacular battles and parades or entradas(entries) of the moor and cristian troops, with their rich and colourful festive garb, the unceasing music and kindling admostphere beetwhen the audience and the paraders are realy unforgetable.
There are many other festivities, such as Les Fogueres de Sant Joan, the rigilious mediaeval origin representation of El Misteri d'Elx, the festive pilgrimages of els Peregrins de Les Useres and la Mare de Déu del Lledó. ...
We can find inside the city diverse gardens to have a nice and pleasant walk. For example:
Now converted into a garden running through the city, the old Turia riverbed is a centre for culture and leisure. There are sports facilities and recreation areas for children, particularly the Gulliver adventure park, with its immense Gulliver statue on which children can play and romp, now a tourist symbol of the city. On the east bank of the riverbed Stands the Palau de la Música, one of the city's outstanding cultural centres.
Located across the Turia riverbed from the ancient city centre, these gardens once contained the Royal Palace, and now have splendid rosebeds, exotic trees, a children's recreation area and the City Zoo.
This was the first botanical garden established in Spain, containing thousands of plant and tree species and varieties.
Neoclassical style gardens adorned with Italian sculptures, providing a classical style gardens adorned with Italian sculptures, providing a romantic mood.
International airport of Valencia (Manises) with scheduled flights to Spanish and European capitals.
A-7 motorway (Exit 51) connecting to the European motorway network. National route N-340 to Castellón, Barcelona, Alicante and Murcia. The A-7 motorway north and N-234 from Sagunto to Teruel, and further to Zaragoza and the Basque Country. The N-III to Madrid and Castilla-La Mancha. The A-7 motorway south and the N-332 to Benidorm, Alicante and Murcia.
The Bus Station provides links to major Spanish and European cities.
From the beautiful Railway Station in central Valencia, rail links to a number of Spanish and European cities. The FGV stations (local railways and Metro) provide connections to a number of surrounding towns.
Valencia's port (the Grao) in the Mediterranean Sea is an important link of transport, either for passengers or goods.
Map of Valencia
Where to Stay
Tourist Information Offices of the Government of Valencia.
In Valencia, contact:
* Tourist Central Office
* Estación del Norte
* Aeropuerto de Valencia
More tourist information at:
* Plaza del Ayuntamiento, 1
* Av. Cataluña, 1
List of premises that offer accomadtion for disabled in Valencia. We have managed to find just over 60 in all.
INFORMATION FOR VISITORS
There are two official languages in Valencia: "Valenciano", used in the Valencian Community, and Spanish, Spain's official language.
People generally eat later than in other European countries: breakfast (7:30 and 10:00 a.m.) is similar to the continental style. Restaurants serve lunch between 1:00 p.m. and 3:00 p.m., and dinner from 8:30 p.m. until 10:30 p.m.
The timetable for shops is from 10 am to 1.30pm and from 4.30pm to 8pm. The big stores are open all day from 10am to 9pm.
The Central Post and Telegraph Office (Plaza del Ayuntamiento, 24) is open on weekdays from 8:30 a.m. to 8:30 p.m. and between 9:30 a.m. and 2:00 p.m. on Saturdays. Telephone: 96 310 27 30. Stamps are also available in all tobacconists.
Standard electrical voltage in Valencia is 220-240 V AC, 50 Hz. A transformer and an adapter are necessary to use North American electrical appliances whose plugs have two square pins. Adapters are available in most hardware stores.
Most hotels, restaurants and shops in Valencia accept the main credit cards such as American Express, VISA, Mastercard, 4B, Access y Diners Club.
Most banks are open from Monday to Friday between 8:30 a.m. and 2:30 p.m. Only a few branches open on Saturday mornings. There are 24-hour automatic tellers around the city, and most (Servired, 4B, etc.) offer international services.
-New Year's Day: 1st January
-San Vicente Mártir: 22nd January
-San José: 19th March
-San Vicente Ferrer: 5th April, moved to the Monday following Easter
-Good Friday and Easter Monday: (dates change every year)
-Labour Day: 1st May
-Sant Dionís: 9th October, Valencian Community National Day
-All Saints: 1st of November
-The Day of the Constitution: 6th of December
-The Feast of the Immaculate Conception: 8th of December.
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Information on the Valencia area of Spain for property buyers