Derinkuyu Caves an underground city to explore

 Derinkuyu underground city an ancient multi-level underground city in the Derinkuyu district in Nevşehir Province, Turkey. Extending to a depth of approximately 60 m, it is large enough to have sheltered approximately 20,000 people together with their livestock and food stores, in the past.


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Unfa Hotel

Only 300 metres to Derinkuyu Underground City, Unfa Hotel is located in the town of Derinkuyu. It offers free Wi-Fi in public areas and accommodation with TV and private bathroom. More

In 1963 A Turkish Man Knocked Down A Wall In His Home... What He Found Next Was Unbelievable.

By Evie Zimmerman

It's exciting enough to hear of people finding decades-old newspapers when decorating, but this tale takes things to a whole other level (quite literally!).

In 1963 a man in the Nevşehir Province of Turkey was renovating his house when he made an incredible discovery. Upon knocking down a wall, he discovered a secret room which led to something pretty spectacular...

This man had inadvertently stumbled upon the ancient underground city of Derinkuyu.

Derinkuyu was a multi level underground city that started out as a few caves, finally reaching its spectacular completion in the Byzantine era.

Its purpose was to offer protection during the Byzantine wars which raged from 780-1180.

Approximately 60m in depth, the city could accommodate 20,000 people as well as livestock.

The city boasted stables, cellars, storage rooms, chapels, and even wine and oil presses.

There was also a school, ventilation shaft and fresh water.

This was a place where people could really survive.

Heavy stone doors were built to protect the underground fortress.

There were also escape tunnels leading to other underground cities tunnelled into the rock throughout Cappadocia. Derinkuyu was one of many cities of its kind.

The tunnels were used once more when locals sought refuge from Ottoman persecution in the early 1900s.

They were abandoned in 1923, remaining untouched until the unintentional rediscovery.

In 1969 they were opened to visitors and remain a tourist attraction to the present day. That's one to add to the bucket list for sure!


The underground city at Derinkuyu could be closed from the inside with large stone doors. Each floor could be closed off separately.

The city could accommodate up to 20,000 people and had all the usual amenities found in other underground complexes across Cappadocia, such as wine and oil presses, stables, cellars, storage rooms, refectories, and chapels. Unique to the Derinkuyu complex and located on the second floor is a spacious room with a barrel vaulted ceiling. It has been reported that this room was used as a religious school and the rooms to the left were studies.

Between the third and fourth levels is a vertical staircase. This passageway leads to a cruciform church on the lowest (fifth) level.

Imperial Cave Hotel This property participates in our Preferred Properties Programme. Preferred properties offer excellent service and quality in relation to the best available rates. Based on this, and on feedback received from previous guests, we highly recommend this property.

Goreme (30.7 km from Derinkuyu)

Carved into fairy chimneys, the volcanic formations that make Cappadocia unique, Imperial Cave Hotel is an intimate, family-run hotel offering traditionally decorated rooms in the centre of Goreme. More

Superb 9.3 Score from 271 reviews
Last booked: 14 hours ago

Other underground cities

An underground winery

Nevşehir Province has several other historical underground cities and Derinkuyu connects to Kaymakli via an 8 km tunnel.

The underground cities and structures are carved out of unique geological formations. They may have been used as hiding places during times of raids. The locations are now archaeological tourist attractions. They remain generally unoccupied. In excess of 200 underground cities containing a minimum of two levels have been discovered in the area between Kayseri and Nevsehir. Some 40 of those contain a minimum of three levels or more. The cities at Kaymaklı and Derinkuyu are two of the best examples of habitable underground structures.

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